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Бухгалтерский учёт
Войное дело

Match the words and phrases to their definitions

sniffer dogs a) a moving belt that carries things and objects from one place to another, e.g. passenger’s baggage.
defence b) a special service that watches over people or places to prevent danger, attacks.
security checkpoint c) passport, driver’s license or another document that shows the name, date of birth and photo of a person.
guard station d) a solid or liquid material.
unattended e) to protect from possible danger.
conveyor belt f) not feeling sure about the truth; not trusting.
a fine g) dogs that have been trained to find drugs or explosives by smelling them.
ID (identity) h) a place at an airport where an examination of people and baggage is made.
body search i) left alone, without people’s presence.
suspicious j) a passenger examination for checking someone’s clothes and body.
to sniff out k) means and methods used to protect people against attacks.
substance l) a sum of money paid as a punishment.
to burst m) not guilty of a crime.
innocent n) to find out by smelling.
to safeguard o) to break or make something break violently because of pressure from inside; to explode.


3. Play domino.   Listening and Speaking Bank. Unit 2A. Exercise 3. Domino collocations.    



4. Fill in the gaps using the correct words from the box.
fine / suspicious / ID / blew up / defence / conveyor belt / a threat / unattended / to sniff out



1. Good locks are the best _____________ against thieves. 2. The hijackers ____________ the plane in the air. 3. Your car may get damaged here if you leave it ________________. 4. You have to pay a ____________ for breaking the speed limit. 5. He took his suitcase off the _________________ at the airport. 6. When the killer goes free he is _________________ to everyone in the town. 7. If you see anything ___________________, inform the police at once. 8. Police sent dogs into the crowd ____________________ drugs. 9. When people in the UK need to prove who they are, they show their ___________________.


    5. Look through the text and underline airport security measures. AIRPORT SECURITY SYSTEMS Terrorism has been a problem for airlines and air travellers since the 1970s. Nowadays all airports have security systems to prevent attempted crimes of unlawful interference, terrorist attacks or hijacking. These systems require not only special and modern equipment but trained personnel as well. At present time security systems are working hard because of frequent terrorist acts all over the world. When a person gets inside the airport, he will have to pass through metal detectors, bomb-sniffing dogs and possibly a search of his clothes (body search) and luggage. Security patrols regularly scan the perimeter of the airport and all gates are monitored by either a guard station or cameras in case someone tries to get inside. As there is a risk that someone could drive a truck or car containing a bomb up to the airport terminal entrance and just blow up the airport itself, no one is allowed to park close to the terminal. One of the most important security measures at an airport is confirming the identity of travellers. This is done by checking a photo ID, such as a driver's license or a passport.
Another important security measure is not to leave your baggage unattended. And you’ve probably noticed that check-in attendants are asking some security questions like that: ✈ Has your luggage been in your possession all the time? ✈ Has anyone given you anything or asked you to carry on or check in any items for them? These are very important questions because terrorists might hide a bomb inside other people’s luggage. Also terrorists might dress as business men and women, that’s why personnel are trained to use psychological screening to detect hijackers. Inside the airport every person must walk through a metal detector and all items must go through an X-ray machine. While a person is stepping through the metal detector gateway, his carry-on items are going through the X-ray system. A conveyor belt carries each item past an X-ray machine. Machine operators are trained to look for suspicious items like guns, knives, etc. X-ray machines identifying explosive substances and being able to detect even plastic explosives are called explosives detectors. A new development in this field is an X-ray system built in check-in desks which can identify explosives and show them in colour on a monitor screen. In addition to passenger’s baggage, most planes carry a lot of cargo. All of this cargo has to be checked before it is loaded. One old-fashioned method of bomb detection still works even better than most hi-tech systems - the use of trained dogs called sniffer dogs. The special dogs have been trained to sniff out chemicals that are used to make bombs or drugs. A dog barks at a suspicious bag or a package, alerting the human companion that this item needs to be investigated. In addition to an X-ray system, many airports also use larger scanners. In most other countries, particularly in Europe, all baggage is run through a scanning system. These systems are basically larger versions of the X-ray system used for carry-on items.
All these measures of airport security are effective but still there must be coordination between governments, airlines, security forces, airport authorities, pilots and passengers to safeguard civil aviation.


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