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D) impermeable to bacteria

Croup

A) viral infection causing pain when chewing

B) viral infection of the upper and lower airways

C) viral infection causing painful enlargement of the salivary glands

D) viral infection producing a characteristic rash

Panatrophy

A) atrophy of muscles

B) skin atrophy

C) atrophy of bones

D) general atrophy of the body

Thermoanaesthesia

A) the use of drugs to reduce pain

B) the use of heat to alleviate pain

C) acupuncture used for pain relieving

D) the use of cold to ease pain

Benign tumour

A) cancerous neoplasm

B) malignant growth

C) noncancerous enlargement

D) carcinoma

Mental retardation

A) high intellectual ability present from early infancy

B) very slow physical development of an infant

C) very quick physical development of an infant

D) subaverage intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy

Pyrotherapy

A) treatment of disease using mineral waters

B) treatment of disease by inducing an artificial fever in patient

C) treatment of patient with the use of medicinal herbs

D) treatment of patient administering different drugs

Antitoxin

A) agent to kill fungi

B) antibody to neutralize circulating toxin

C) poisonous substance formed in the body

D) substance used in medicine as stimulant

Bacteremia

A) presence of harmful bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract

B) severe infection of epiglottis

C) infection of the lymph nodes

D) presence of bacteria in the blood stream

Highly contagious infection

A) infection that spreads very readily from person to person

B) infection that never spreads from person to person

C) infection that sometimes spread fro animals to persons

D) infection that rarely spreads from birds to persons

Pre-school aged children

A) teenagers

B) children 10 to 12 years old

C) adolescents

D) children under 6 years old

Sudden onset

A) gradual beginning

B) unexpected beginning

C) slow termination

D) unpredicted termination

Cryasthesia

A) high sensitivity to high temperature

B) incomparable sensitivity to high temperature

C) exceptional sensitivity to low temperature

D) ordinary sensitivity to low temperature

Alveolar cell carcinoma

A) cancer originating in the pigment-producing cells of skin

B) malignant tumour originating in the air sacs of lungs

C) cancer of bone derived from flesh or connective tissue

D) benign tumour developing in the arms or legs

Irreversible

A) unable to be altered

B) opposite in character or older

C) becoming different

D) unable to be classified

Splenomegaly

A) benign tumour of the spleen

B) atrophy of the spleen

C) pain in the spleen

D) abnormal enlargement of the spleen

Progesterone

A) thyroid-stimulating hormone

B) pregnancy-sustaining hormone

C) hormone that stimulates protein synthesis

D) hormone that stimulates the growth of the adrenal cortex

Andrology

A) the study of male infertility and erectile dysfunction

B) the study of male infertility and ovaries dysfunction

C) the study of childhood diseases

D) the study of bodily structure

Proteineuria

A) presence of protein in the blood

B) presence of protein in the saliva

C) presence of protein in the urine

D) presence of protein in bodily fluids

Fetoscope

A) estimation of the size of the fetus, especially its head, prior delivery

B) an instrument for looking at the fetus within the uterus

C) a morbid condition in the embryo or fetus

D) relating to the fetus and its placenta

Sitotherapy

A) branch of dietetics concerned with therapeutic use of food and diet

B) treatment of diseases by drugs

C) use of medicinal plants in patients treatment

D) treatment of diseases by bathing or mineral waters drinking

Gonadotropic hormones

A) hormones produced by the thyroid gland

B) hormones produced by the anterior pituitary

C) hormones produced by the pancreas

D) hormones produced by the adenohypophisis

To wean

A) to accustom taking breast milk

B) to accustom taking food other than milk

C) to accustom crawling

D) to accustom walking independently

Placenta

A) a hollow organ in female in which the fetus develop before birth

B) organ in the uterus that nourishes the fetus

C) flexible tube connecting the placenta to the navel of a fetus

D) small hollow in the centre of the abdomen

Mastalgia

A) pain in the kidney

B) pain in the urethra

C) pain in the breast

D) pain in the back

Paralalia

A) normal speech

B) abnormal speech

C) normal movement

D) abnormal movement

Postnatal

A) pertaining to the first four weeks after birth

B) pertaining to or occurring in the period shortly before and after birth

C) relating to the transition between the embryonic and fetal periods of development

D) an obstetrician who subspecializes in perinatology

Teratogen

A) beneficial substances contributing to recovery after labour

B) any substance, agent or process that induces the formation of developmental abnormalities in a fetus

C) the process leading to developmental abnormalities in the fetus

D) the study of developmental abnormalities and their causes

Breastfed baby

A) a newborn who is fed with mother’s milk

B) an infant fed with milk formula

C) a baby fed with cow’s milk

D) a young child given solid food

Mastopathy

A) any disease of pregnant women

B) any disease of the breasts

C) any disease of the muscles

D) any disease of elderly men

Protozoa

A) one-celled organisms like viruses

B) one-celled organisms like fungi

C) one-celled organisms like bacteria

D) one-celled organisms like ameba

Pyrogen

A) an agent causing tumours

B) an agent causing hemorrhage

C) an agent causing vomiting

D) an agent causing fever

Thermoalgesia

A) an abnormal sense of pain that is felt when part of the body is cut

B) an abnormal sense of pain that is felt when part of the body is warmed

C) an abnormal sense of pain that is felt when part of the body is frozen

D) an abnormal sense of pain that is felt when part of the body is crushed

Carcinomas

A) tumours deriving from supportive tissue

B) tumours deriving from epithelial tissue

C) tumours deriving from connective tissue

D) tumours deriving from flesh tissue

 

Oliguria

A) exertion of an abnormal small volume of urine

B) exertion of an abnormal large volume of urine

C) blood in the urine

D) too much protein in the urine

Urethra

A) a muscle that opens to let the urine through and contracts to close;

B) the canal that conveys urine from the bladder out of the body;

C) a knot of blood vessels in the kidney projecting into the capsular end of a urine-secreting tubule;

D) a bean-shaped organ which maintains water.

Nephritis

A) a rare form of kidney tissue death that affects some or all of the kidneys;

B) a bacterial infection of the kidneys;

C) an inflammation of the kidneys caused by an infection or an immune reaction that goes awry and injures the kidneys;

D) a hereditary disorder in which many cysts form in both kidneys.

Uterus

A) the opening to the vagina;

B) a pear-shaped organ at the top of the vagina divided into two parts: the cervix and the corpus;

C) a fold of mucous membrane that covers the entrance to the vagina and is usually ruptured when sexual intercourse takes place for the first time;

D) a gland in the males that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra.

Fetoplacental

A) radiography of the fetus in the utero using contrast medium;

B) relating to the fetus and its placenta;

C) fear of childbirth;

D) relating to the woman’s placenta.

Mastalgia

A) any disease of the breast;

B) inflammation of the breast;

C) pain in the breast;

D) incision of a breast.

Rhinolalia

A) the study and treatment of speech disorders;

B) an inflammation of speech;

C) a disorder of speech;

D) change in speech as a result of the pathology in nose structures.

Mycology

A) the science of viruses;

B) the science of fungi;

C) any disease caused by a fungus;

D) substance that produces fever.

Diphtheria

A) an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacteriun diphtheriae;

B) an illness caused by a streptococcal infection;

C) a viral infection of the upper and lower airways that causes difficulty in breathing in;

D) a viral infection causing painful enlargement of the salivary glands.

Thermometer

A) exceptional sensitivity to sense heat and coldness;

B) a technique for measuring of the heat produced by different parts of the body;

C) a device for measuring of the blood pressure;

D) a device for registering temperature.

Tumour

A) an enlargement of fingers, toes, hands, feet, jaw and nose;

B) a pathological growth having the systemic integration in the body;

C) an abnormal growth of hair;

D) an enlargement of some organs in abdominal cavity.

Psychiatrist

A) a field of medicine which deals with mental disorders;

B) a doctor who treats disorders based on physiological growth of the organism;

C) a physician who specializes in the study and treatment of mental disorders;

D) mental illnesses that feature loss of contact with reality.

Oligospermia

A) the condition of having less than the normal number of spermatozoa in the semen;

B) the condition of having more than the normal number of spermatozoa in the semen;

C) a peptide comprising a small number of amino acids;

D) excretion of an abnormally small volume of urine.

 


 

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The term “childhood cancer” encompasses many … that occur in children and young adults.

A) benign tumours

B) gastrointestinal diseases

C) malignant diseases

D) congenital malformations

…, such as Down syndrome, are common cause of mental retardation.

A) speech abnormalities

B) chromosomal abnormalities

C) reversible abnormalities

D) common abnormalities

The symptoms of autism generally persist ….

A) for a year

B) throughout childhood

C) throughout life

D) for some months

The sella turcica protects the … but allows very little room for expansion.

A)hypothalamus

B) thyroid gland

C) pancreas

D) pituitary gland

People with insulin-dependent diabetes produce … .

A) little or no insulin at all

B) higher than normal insulin levels

C) normal levels of insulin

D) very high insulin levels

Stones in the urinary tract that cause no symptoms may be discovered by chance ….

A) performing biopsy

B) during a routine microscopic analysis of the urine

C) making a complete blood count

D) while making a spinal tap

The baby’s overall condition is recorded at 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth using the ….

A) Bishop score

B) Apgar score

C) standard score

D) lod score

Adequate development of … is critical for the newborn.

A) nails

B) hair

C) lungs

D) toes

... is an inflammation of both the brain and the spinal cord.

A) Encephalitis;

B) Encephalomyelitis;

C) Parkinson’s disease;

D) Stroke.

... is the exchange of gases in the cells and the tiny capillary blood vessels which surround them.

A) Internal respiration;

B) External respiration;

C) Expiration;

D) Inspiration.

Only four basic tastes can be distinguished: sweet, sour, salty and ... .

A) delicious;

B) greasy;

C) bitter;

D) cold.

The ... is the organ of sight.

A) ear;

B) eye;

C) nose;

D) mouth.

The ... contains nerve fiber tracts that connect the cerebellum and cerebrum with the rest of the brain.

A) pons;

B) neuron;

C) tissue;

D) vessels.

A relatively simple, highly accurate ... test can be used to screen people for HIV infection.

A) eye;

B) mucous;

C) blood;

D) head.

... is a column of nervous tissue.

A) brain;

B) spinal cord;

C) neuron;

D) nerve fibres.

Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads, pineal gland and thymus gland belong to … .

A) exocrine glands;

B) endocrine glands;

C) mucous glands;

D) salivary glands.

Insulin, … released from the pancreas, is the primary substance responsible for maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels.

A) hormone;

B) product;

C) solution;

D) fluid.

The urea is carried in the blood-stream to the … .

A) spleen;

B) lungs;

C) kidneys;

D) gallbladder.

Immediately after a baby is born the … is cut between the clamps.

A) vernix caseosa;

B) infant’s hair;

C) internal organ;

D) umbilical cord.

After invasion, … must multiply to produce infection.

A) antibodies;

B) microorganisms;

C) molecules;

D) toxins.

Down syndrome is a … disorder.

A) chromosomal;

B) contagious;

C) viral;

D) bacterial.

If the egg is fertilized, it begins … .

A) to increase in size;

B) to divide;

C) to vanish;

D) to decrease in size.

Antibiotics are designed to kill … .

A) leucocytes;

B) erythrocytes;

C) viruses;

D) bacteria.




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