A) the death of brain tissue;
B) an abnormality of the facial nerve that leads to paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face;
C) abdominal bleeding;
D) bleeding inside the skull.
A) a scientific study which deals with the reception of sound vibration by the ear;
B) a scientific study of visual sensory system;
C) a science which deals with the study of odours and the sense of smell;
D) a scientific study of tactile perception.
A) hypertension, blood pressure higher than normal;
B) an increased intraocular tension, “hardening” of the eyeball;
C) a decreased intraocular tension, “lightening” of the eyeball;
D) cloudiness of the lens of the eye.
A) an instrument for measuring the eye;
B) an instrument for measuring the ear;
C) a doctor qualified to treat ophthalmologic diseases;
D) an instrument for measuring the blood pressure.
A) a sudden explosive movement of air that tends to clear material from the airways;
B) a crowing sound when breathing;
C) the unpleasant sensation of difficulty in breathing;
D) a whistling, musical sound during breathing that result from partially obstructed airways.
A) an inflammation of the bronchi caused by an infection;
B) an infection of the lungs that involves alveoli and the tissues around them;
C) an inflammation of the throat, usually caused by a virus but also commonly caused by bacteria;
D) an inflammation of the voice box caused either by a virus or by bacteria.
A) study of the structure and functions of the brain;
B) any disease of the brain;
C) abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain;
D) examination of the brain.
A) a slowly progressing degenerative disorder of the nervous system;
B) inflammation of the brain caused by a virus;
C) inflammation of both the brain and the spinal cord;
D) a stroke or a transient ischemic attack causing disabling neurologic damage.
A) a specialist in the care of AIDS patients;
B) a specialist in the care of newborns;
C) a specialist in the care of pregnant women;
D) a specialist in the care of elderly people.
A) the science which deals with disorders of exocrine glands;
B) endocrine system;
C) exocrine system;
D) the science which deals with disorders of endocrine glands.
A) presence of pus in the urine;
B) presence of blood in the urine;
C) presence of sugar in the urine;
D) presence of bacteria in the urine.
A) any disease of the head;
B) any disorder of the glands;
C) any disorder of the heart;
D) any disease of the lungs.
A) infectious disease;
B) birth defect;
C) the condition of carrying an unborn child;
D) the condition of permanent sickness.
A) hormone secreted by kidneys; stimulates red blood cell production;
B) hormone secreted by pituitary gland; starts milk production;
C) hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers the blood sugar level;
D) hormone secreted by ovaries; controls the development of reproductive system.
A) inflammation of kidney;
B) surgical excision of kidney;
C) pus formation in the kidney;
D) science that studies diseases of kidneys.
A) drug used for herpetic infections;
B) drug used for only skin infections;
C) drug used for tetanus;
D) drug used for respiratory viral infections.
A) false pregnancy;
B) a period of the production of milk;
C) abnormal delivery;
D) a periodic discharge of the menses.
A) inflammation of the pelvic muscles;
B) inflammation of the pelvis of a kidney;
C) suppuration of the kidneys;
D) surgical operation on the kidneys.
A) a substance that carries the man’s genes; it is made in the testes and stored in the seminal vesicles;
B) a substance which is rich in calories, protein, and antibodies; it flows from the nipple before breast milk is produced;
C) a hormone which stimulates protein synthesis in organs and tissues and causes growth;
D) a substance which effects skin pigmentation.
A) a cancer of the kidneys that can develop in a fetus but may not cause symptoms for years after birth;
B) a cancer that grows in parts of the nervous system;
C) a cancer of the retina, the light-sensing area at the back of the eye;
D) a cancer of the placenta originating in the outer membrane surrounding the fetus.
A) faulty nerve conduction characterized by weakness and quick fatigue of muscles;
B) slight paralysis affecting either right or left side of the body;
C) paralysis affecting all four extremities;
D) very severe paralysis of lower extremities.
A) the act of discovering or identifying the exact cause of an illness or a problem;
B) a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy;
C) the state of being physically or mentally ill;
D) an illness affecting humans, animals or plants, often caused by infection.
A) kidney inflammation;
B) stomach inflammation;
C) inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose;
D) inflammation of the body’s inner organs, namely bladder, gallbladder, liver, spleen, etc.
A) lack of blood;
B) presence of excess of blood;
C) resembling blood;
D) abnormal tendency of bleeding.
A) under the tongue;
B) under the skin;
C) on the tongue;
D) on the skin.
A) a noncancerous neoplasm;
B) a malfunction of the trigeminal nerve;
C) a malfunction of the peripheral nerves;
D) a cancerous neoplasm.
A) a part of the brain which monitors the sensory stimuli we receive by suppressing some and magnifying others;
B) a part of the brain located beneath the posterior part of the cerebrum;
C) a part of the brain which contains neurons which control body temperature, sleep, appetite, and emotions;
D) a part of the brain which literally means “bridge”.
A) discharge from the ear;
B) discharge from the eye;
C) a doctor qualified to treat ear diseases;
D) a venereal disease.
A) the death of brain tissue resulting from the lack of blood flow and insufficient oxygen to the brain;
B) a tumour originating in the cells of the meninges, which lines the brain and the spinal cord;
C) the total or partial inability to recall recent or remote experiences;
D) a chronic disease in which there is a scattered demyelination of the central nervous system.
A) islet cell of Langerhans;
B) the pineal gland;
C) hormone, also called adrenaline;
D) the adrenal gland.
A) false pregnancy;
B) abnormal delivery;
C) giving birth;
D) the breast nipple.
A) drug used for skin infections;
B) drug used for typhoid fever only;
C) drug used for fungal skin infections;
D) drug used for wide range of infections.
A) treatment of the disease;
B) all the symptoms of any disorder;
C) prevention of the disease;
D) insidious onset of the disorder.
A) profound intellectual ability;
B) subaverage intellectual ability;
C) a disease also called Down syndrome;
D) difficulties in speaking.
A) pain in the bones;
B) muscular pain;
C) pain in the arm;
D) pain in the abdomen.
A) the study and treatment of eye diseases;
B) the study and practice of treating tumours;
C) the science of fungi;
D) the general medicine of childhood.
A) a cancer of the nerves;
B) a cancer of the kidneys, which usually occurs in children under 5;
C) a cancer of the kidneys, which always occurs in adults;
D) a cancer of the mammary gland.
A) surgical removal of a breast;
B) pain in the breast;
C) the period of milk secretion;
D) inflammation of the breast.
A) a hormone which affects skin pigmentation;
B) a hormone which augments milk production and the development of corpus luteum;
C) a hormone which stimulates protein synthesis in organs and tissues;
D) a hormone which influences intracellular metabolism.
A) a congenital mental underdevelopment, mental weakness;
B) a subaverage intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy;
C) a condition of underdevelopment;
D) a condition in which a pregnancy lasts longer than 42 weeks.
A) a general atrophy of the body;
B) a chromosomal disorder that results in mental retardation and physical abnormalities;
C) an infection of the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting and diarrhea;
D) a contagious viral infection causing painful enlargement of the salivary glands.
A) study of the vision organs;
B) study of the sense of smell and hearing;
C) study of the sense organs;
D) any factor causing senses.
A) yellow or even brown colouration of the skin;
B) bluish colouration of the skin and mucous membranes;
C) red or sometimes purple colour of the mucous membranes;
D) subjective visual perception of the blue colour.
A) a difficulty in breathing;
B) any fracture of a finger or a toe because of low oxygen level in the blood;
C) a familial but complicated reflex in which the lungs and airways are protected;
D) an enlargement of the tips of fingers or toes caused by lung diseases.
A) a surgical procedure of making an incision into the throat to remove a tumour or anything obstructing the passage;
B) a surgical procedure of removing part of the throat;
C) plastic surgery of the throat;
D) inflammation of both throat and voice box.
A) the virus that can cause cancer;
B) the virus that causes a sudden death;
C) the virus that can cause AIDS;
D) the virus that causes atherosclerosis.
A) gastro-intestinal tract disorder;
B) an inherited allergic disease;
C) a catching skin disease;
D) a grave heart disease.
A) the state of being pathologically too influenced, harmed or affected by a disease, infection, etc.;
B) a pathological condition in which a person doesn’t feel any pain at all;
C) a scientific study of a person’s susceptibility to a disease, infection, etc.;
D) a medical condition in which susceptibility to infection, disease, etc. is much lower than normal.
A) a person qualified to treat tumours in the body;
B) the scientific study of and treatment of tumours in the body;
C) a specialized hospital for people suffering from tumours;
D) the scientific study of and treatment of eye diseases.
A) a pathologic new growth that can be either malignant or benign;
B) an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus;
C) a slowly progressing degenerative disorder of the nervous system;
D) a malfunction of the peripheral nerves.
A) a fluid used in treatment of cerebrospinal disorders;
B) a colourless acidic fluid located in the stomach, also often called as gastric juice;
C) a watery fluid which flows throughout the brain and around the spinal cord and protects them from shock as might a cushion;
D) the red liquid that flows through the bodies of humans and animals.
A) discharge from the ear;
B) discharge of pus;
C) discharge of saliva;
D) discharge from the eye.
A) a substance that helps to prevent infection in wounds by killing bacteria;
B) a substance that the body produces in the blood to fight disease;
C) a substance that stops the blood from becoming thick and forming clots;
D) a substance that enters the body and can cause a disease.