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Congenital immunodeficiency

A) immunodeficiency that occurs later in life;

B) immunodeficiency present from birth;

C) autoimmune reaction of an adult organism;

D) immune reaction in the genitals.

Polyclinic

A) a treatment of a patient with more than one type of medicine;

B) a curative establishment where many different diseases and injuries are treated;

C) a hospital where people with mental disorders are treated;

D) an establishment where people get higher medical education.

Urinary calculi

A) hard stone-like masses that form anywhere in the brain;

B) soft masses that may obstruct breathing;

C) special stones which are used in treatment of urinary diseases;

D) hard stone-like masses that form anywhere in the urinary tract.

Neonatology

A) a specialist in the care of newborns;

B) the science that deals with treatment of old people;

C) the art and science of caring medically for the newborn;

D) the science of caring medically for children of school age.

Sitomania

A) abnormal craving for food;

B) refusal to take food;

C) any food poison;

D) branch of dietetics concerned with therapeutic uses of food.

Mastalgia

A) incision of a breast;

B) any disease of the breasts;

C) pain in the breasts;

D) inflammation of the breast.

Lalopathy

A) a disorder of speech;

B) morbid fear of speaking;

C) the study and treatment of speech disorders;

D) understanding and knowledge of speech.

Mycetoma

A) a malignant tumour of the mucous membrane;

B) any tumour with draining sinuses produced by filamentous fungi;

C) a toxic substance produced in the tissues during the progress of a fever;

D) any disease caused by a fungus.

Pseudoneuritis

A) a condition that resembles nephritis;

B) a condition that resembles neuritis;

C) joint pain and swelling, resembling gout;

D) a false membrane which contains nervous vessels.

Vermicide

A) destructive to a virus;

B) an agent that kills fungi;

C) an agent that kills parasitic intestinal worms;

D) destructive to some kinds of bacteria.

Pancolectomy

A) surgical removal of the entire colon;

B) surgical removal of some part of the colon;

C) general atrophy of the pancreas;

D) surgical removal of the pancreas.

Gonadotropic hormones

A) hormones produced by the pancreas;

B) hormones produced by the anterior pituitary;

C) hormones produced by the thyroid gland;

D) hormones produced by the adrenal glands.

Nausea

A) bleeding from nose;

B) feeling of sickness;

C) return of the food from the stomach;

D) discharge of sputum.

Rhinitis

A) pain in the nose;

B) nose hemorrhade;

C) inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose;

D) inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and voice box.

Cerebral angiography

A) a technique used to detect blood vessels abnormalities in the brain;

B) the procedure in which a needle is inserted into the spinal canal to obtain a sample of cerebrospinal fluid;

C) a computer-enhanced scanning technique for analyzing X-ray pictures to detect a wide range of brain abnormalities;

D) the procedure used to measure blood flow through the carotid arteries.

Presbyopia

A) impairment of hearing due to old age;

B) loss of feelings;

C) impairment of vision due to old age;

D) method of vision loss measuring.

Active immunity

A) the immunity developed by means of injected antigens which are either vaccines or toxoids;

B) various types of inherent, inborn resistance to infections and diseases;

C) the body’s resistance to infections that comes about through natural processes which may follow exposure to the infectious agent;

D) the immunity developed due to injection of antibodies against infectious agents produced by some individuals or by animals and thus given “ready-made” to the patient.

AIDS

A) a disease which destroys mental abilities of a person;

B) an illness which causes inability of a person to think, to hear, to speak and to talk;

C) an illness which attacks the body’s ability to resist infection and which usually causes death;

D) a cardio-vascular disease which attacks elderly people and causes a sudden death.

Allergen

A) a substance that improves allergic condition;

B) a substance that causes allergic reaction;

C) a substance that affects central nervous system;

D) a substance that causes intracranial hemorrhage.

Dysfunction

A) a state or act of working in a very satisfactory and successful way;

B) the science of the forces involved in the movement;

C) energy and enthusiasm to make new things happen or to make things succeed;

D) a state or act of not working in a satisfactory and successful way.

Hypertension

A) blood pressure that is higher than normal;

B) blood pressure that is lower than normal;

C) normal blood pressure;

D) a doctor qualified to treat pathologic increase of blood pressure.

Coma

A) a condition characterized by an abnormal increase and accumulation of fluid in the skull;

B) a disturbance in brain function resulting from a temporary deficiency in the brain’s blood supply;

C) malfunction of the peripheral nerves in the brain;

D) a state of deep and prolonged unconsciousness caused by injury or disease; a condition of stupor and lethargy.

Epidermis

A) the third skin layer which consists of interweaving loose bundles of connective tissue fibres which form a large-mesh network;

B) a doctor qualified to treat skin, especially epidermis diseases;

C) an external skin layer which consists of epithelial cells which possess great ability to multiply and replace the destroyed cells of this layer;

D) the second layer of the skin which is located under the skin.

Otosclerosis

A) a progressive degenerative condition of the temporal bone which can result in hearing loss;

B) an infection or inflammation of the middle ear;

C) an inflammation or infection of the inner ear;

D) discharge from the ear.

Adiposalgia

A) condition in which painful areas of subcutaneous fat develop;

B) relating to both fatty and cellular tissue, or to connective tissue with many fat cells;

C) a cell that ingests fat;

D) headache or pain in the ear.

Ear

A) the organ of vision;

B) the organ of tasting;

C) the organ of hearing and balance;

D) the gas we breath in.

Ophthalmoplasty

A) pertaining to eyes and face;

B) plastic surgery of eyes;

C) any disease of the eye;

D) plastic surgery of the ears.

Esthesiometer

A) instrument for measuring tactile sensitivity;

B) method of measuring smell sensitivity;

C) method of hearing loss measuring;

D) instrument for measuring of the extend of feelings loss.

Quadriplegia

A) paralysis affecting the lower extremities;

B) paralysis affecting right or left side of the body;

C) paralysis affecting all four extremities;

D) lack of strength or a very slight paralysis of four extremities.

Dyspepsia

A) eyesight impairment;

B) science, sum of knowledge about gastro-intestinal tract;

C) improvement of digestion;

D) impairment of digestion.

 

Hyperacidity

A) excess of acid in gastric juice;

B) below normal amount of acid in gastric juice;

C) extreme physical sensitivity to acid;

D) normal amount of acid in gastric juice.

Parkinson’s disease

A) a tumour originating in the cells of the meninges, which lines the brain and the spinal cord;

B) an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus;

C) a slowly progressing degenerative disorder of the nervous system;

D) a pathologic new growth that can be either malignant or benign.

Dermatitis

A) a scientific study of skin diseases;

B) an inflammation of skin that usually involves swollen, red and itchy skin;

C) a doctor qualified to treat skin diseases;

D) a medical condition that causes you react badly when you eat, smell or touch a particular substance.

Cerebellum

A) a part of the brain which controls body temperature, sleep, appetite, and emotions;

B) a part of the brain which monitors the sensory stimuli we receive by suppressing some and magnifying others;

C) a part of the brain which contains nerve fiber tracts which connect the cerebellum and cerebrum with the rest of the brain;

D) a part of the brain located beneath the posterior part of the cerebrum and aids in the coordination of voluntary movements and maintains balance and muscular tone.

Cataract

A) a painless clouding of the lens of the eye that may reduce a person’s vision;

B) an increased intraocular tension, “hardening” of the eyeball;

C) a decreased intraocular tension, “lightening” of the eyeball;

D) a very painful but not dangerous to the eye-sight clouding of the lens and the pupil of the eye.

Antibiotic

A) a drug used to treat allergies, especially hay fever;

B) a substance that helps to reduce fever;

C) a substance that can destroy or prevent the growth of bacteria and cure infections;

D) a substance that the body produces in the blood to fight disease.

Autolesion

A) erosion of skull bones in patients suffering from brain tumours;

B) self-inflicted injury;

C) serum prepared from the patient’s own tissue or secretion;

D) toxin developed in the patient’s own blood.

Rhinalgia

A) pain in the nose;

B) pertaining to the nose and lip;

C) allergic rhinitis;

D) inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose.

Bronchoedema

A) narrowing of the bronchus lumen;

B) swelling of the mucosa of the bronchial tube;

C) originating from the bronchi;

D) presence of air or other gas in the bile system.

Neurologist

A) the branch of chemistry that studies chemical processes in the nervous system;

B) the branch of anatomy that studies the anatomical organization of the nervous system;

C) a group of nerve cells forming a nerve center;

D) a physician specializing in the field of neurology and trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with neurological disorders.

Natural immunity

A) the body’s resistance to infections that comes about through natural processes which may follow exposure to the infectious agent;

B) various types of inherent, inborn resistance to infections and diseases;

C) the body’s ability of being immortal;

D) the immunity developed by means of injected antigens which are either vaccines or toxoids.

Urethra

A) a muscle that opens to let the urine through and contracts to close;

B) the canal that conveys urine from the bladder out of the body;

C) a knot of blood vessels in the kidney projecting into the capsular end of a urine-secreting tubule;

D) a bean-shaped organ which maintains water.

Nephritis

A) a rare form of kidney tissue death that affects some or all of the kidneys;

B) a bacterial infection of the kidneys;

C) an inflammation of the kidneys caused by an infection or an immune reaction that goes awry and injures the kidneys;

D) a hereditary disorder in which many cysts form in both kidneys.

Uterus

A) the opening to the vagina;

B) a pear-shaped organ at the top of the vagina divided into two parts: the cervix and the corpus;

C) a fold of mucous membrane that covers the entrance to the vagina and is usually ruptured when sexual intercourse takes place for the first time;

D) a gland in the males that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra.

Fetoplacental

A) radiography of the fetus in the utero using contrast medium;

B) relating to the fetus and its placenta;

C) fear of childbirth;

D) relating to the woman’s placenta.

Mastalgia

A) any disease of the breast;

B) inflammation of the breast;

C) pain in the breast;

D) incision of a breast.

Rhinolalia

A) the study and treatment of speech disorders;

B) an inflammation of speech;

C) a disorder of speech;

D) change in speech as a result of the pathology in nose structures.

Mycology

A) the science of viruses;

B) the science of fungi;

C) any disease caused by a fungus;

D) substance that produces fever.

Diphtheria

A) an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacteriun diphtheriae;

B) an illness caused by a streptococcal infection;

C) a viral infection of the upper and lower airways that causes difficulty in breathing in;

D) a viral infection causing painful enlargement of the salivary glands.

Thermometer

A) exceptional sensitivity to sense heat and coldness;

B) a technique for measuring of the heat produced by different parts of the body;

C) a device for measuring of the blood pressure;

D) a device for registering temperature.

Psychiatrist

A) a field of medicine which deals with mental disorders;

B) a doctor who treats disorders based on physiological growth of the organism;

C) a physician who specializes in the study and treatment of mental disorders;

D) mental illnesses that feature loss of contact with reality.

Oligospermia

A) the condition of having less than the normal number of spermatozoa in the semen;

B) the condition of having more than the normal number of spermatozoa in the semen;

C) a peptide comprising a small number of amino acids;

D) excretion of an abnormally small volume of urine.

HIV

A) Higher Institution’s Victory;

B) Human Infectious Venereal disease;

C) Very Important Person;

D) Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Allergy

A) a medical condition that causes you react badly or feel ill when you eat, smell or touch a particular substance;

B) an illness that is caused by bacteria or a virus and that affects one part of the body;

C) the act of discovering or identifying the exact cause of an illness or a problem;

D) the chemical processes in living things that change food, etc. into energy and materials for growth.

Hyperglycemia

A) lack of sugar in the blood;

B) extreme physical sensitivity to sugar;

C) excess of sugar in the blood;

D) normal amount of sugar in the blood.

Dermatology

A) a skin condition in which the skin becomes red, swollen and sore;

B) a doctor who studies and treats skin diseases;

C) the scientific study of skin diseases;

D) a cosmetic cream applied to the skin.

Encephalitis

A) kidney inflammation;

B) an inflammation of both the brain and the spinal cord;

C) an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus;

D) an inflammation of the meninges caused by a virus.

Retina

A) the middle layer of the eye which is comprised of three parts: the choroids, ciliary body, and iris;

B) the posterior cavity of the eye which is filled with a gel-like substance;

C) the thick white outer layer that gives the eyeball its spherical shape;

D) the inner layer of the eye which is responsible for receiving images projected through the cornea and lens.

Passive immunity

A) the immunity developed due to injection of antibodies against infectious agents produced by some individuals or by animals and thus given “ready-made” to the patient;

B) the body’s resistance to infections that comes about through natural processes which may follow exposure to the infectious agent;

C) the immunity developed by means of injected antigens which are either vaccines or toxoids;

D) various types of inherent, inborn resistance to infections and diseases.

AIDS

A) Acquired Infectious Diseased State;

B) Acute Inflammatory Disease Syndrome;

C) Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome;

D) Acute Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Antibody

A) a substance, for example penicillin, that can destroy or prevent the growth of bacteria and cure infections;

B) a substance that the body produces in the blood to fight disease;

C) a substance that enters the body and can cause disease;

D) a drug used to treat allergies.

Hypodermic

A) on the skin;

B) in the skin;

C) above the skin;

D) under the skin.

Cardiology

A) a scientific study of eye diseases;

B) a doctor who studies and treats heart diseases;

C) a scientific study of heart diseases;

D) a scientific study of gastro-intestinal tract disorders.

Amnesia

A) the total or partial inability to recall recent or remote experiences;

B) a state of deep and prolonged unconsciousness caused by injury or disease;

C) a chronic disease in which there is a scattered demyelination of the central nervous system;

D) bleeding inside the skull.

Brain

A) a natural covering and inseparable part of the human body;

B) the primary center for requesting and coordinating of body activities;

C) a muscular partition which separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity;

D) a slippery membrane that helps the lungs move smoothly during each breath.

Otitis

A) an infection or inflammation of the middle ear;

B) any disease of the outer ear;

C) surgical operation performed on the ear;

D) discharge from the ear.

Otoscopy

A) examination of the ear;

B) a method of Eustachian tube examination;

C) an instrument used while examining the ear;

D) plastic surgery of the eardrum.

Dermopathy

A) pain under the skin;

B) any disease of the skin;

C) inflammation of the skin;

D) ossification of the dermis.

Sublingual

A) inflammation of the tongue caused by harmful microorganisms;

B) located below the lower jaw;

C) located below the liver;

D) under the tongue.

Tumour

A) a pathologic new growth (neoplasm) that can be either malignant or benign;

B) a slowly progressing degenerative disorder of the nervous system;

C) an inflammation of any organ or part of the body;

D) a chronic disease characterized by speed defects, loss of muscular coordination, etc.

Hemiplegia

A) fragility and weakness of blood vessels;

B) paralysis affecting right or left side of the body;

C) paralysis affecting all four extremities;

D) slight paralysis affecting left side of the body.

Ear

A) the organ of both hearing and balance;

B) the organ of seeing;

C) the smell organ;

D) the organ of gastro-intestinal tract.

Xeroderma

A) a cell that ingests fat;

B) pathologic dryness of the skin;

C) perspiration, especially profuse perspiration;

D) dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea due to vitamin A deficiency.

 

Salpingitis

A) inflammation of the eardrum;

B) method of Eustachian tube examination;

C) inflammation of the Eustachian tube;

D) a specialist trained to treat ear diseases.

Occulopathy

A) a toxin affecting eyes;

B) pertaining to eyes and face;

C) any disease of eyes;

D) plastic surgery of eyes.

Vision

A) the sense of pressure perception, generally in the skin;

B) the study of odours and the sense of smell;

C) one of the two main “chemical” senses;

D) the ability to detect electromagnetic waves within the visible range by the eye and the brain to interpret the images as sight.

Coma

A) is an abnormality of the facial nerve that leads to sudden weakness or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face;

B) a disease of faulty nerve conduction characterisea by speech defects, loss of muscular coordination, etc.;

C) a state of deep and prolonged unconsciousness caused by injury or disease; a condition of stupor and lethargy;

D) is a genetically transmitted disease in which many soft, fleshy growths of abnormal nerve tissues appear in the skin.

Acquired immunity

A) various types of inherent, inborn resistance to infections and diseases;

B) the immunity developed by means of injected antigens which are either vaccines or toxoids;

C) the body’s resistance to infections that comes about through natural processes which may follow exposure to the infectious agent;

D) the immunity developed due to injection of antibodies against infectious agents produced by some individuals or by animals and thus given “ready-made” to the patient.

Sample

A) a small amount of a substance taken from a larger amount and tested in order to obtain information about the substance;

B) knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical world, based on facts that you can prove;

C) not complicated; easy to understand or do;

D) something such as an object, a fact or a situation that shows, explains or supports what you say.

 

 

Hypersensivity

A) a kind of treatment that uses hypnosis to help with physical or emotional problems;

B) the practice of keeping yourself and your living and working areas clean in order to prevent illness and disease;

C) blood pressure that is higher than normal;

D) an extreme physical sensitivity to particular substances, medicines, light, etc.

Dystrophy

A) a medical condition in which the muscles gradually become weaker;

B) a medical condition in which the muscles gradually become stronger;

C) pain caused by difficulty in digesting food;

D) a slight disorder of the brain that causes difficulty in reading and spelling.

Encephalomyelitis

A) an inflammation of the meninges caused by a virus;

B) an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus;

C) an inflammation of the lungs;

D) an inflammation of the brain and the spinal cord.

Derma

A) an external skin layer which consists of epithelial cells which possess great ability to multiply;

B) the second layer of the skin which is located under the epidermis;

C) the third skin layer which consists of interweaving loose bundles of connective tissue fibres which form a large-mesh network;

D) a medical institution where dermatological diseases are treated.

Cornea

A) the inner layer of the eye which is responsible for receiving images projected through the cornea and lens;

B) the thick white outer layer that gives the eyeball its spherical shape;

C) the transparent layer at the front of the eye which is responsible for refracting or bending light;

D) the middle layer of the eye which is comprised of three parts: the choroids, ciliary body, and iris.

Rhinology

A) knowledge concerning the nose;

B) a doctor qualified to treat nose diseases;

C) inflammation of the nose membrane;

D) a surgical operation performed on nose.

Hydrocephalus

A) a condition characterized by an abnormal increase and accumulation of fluid in the skull, especially in young children, causing enlargement of the head and destruction of the brain;

B) a state of deep and prolonged unconsciousness caused by injury or disease;

C) a chronic disease in which there is a scattered demyelination of the central nervous system;

D) is an abnormality of the facial nerve that leads to sudden weakness or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face.

Hearing

A) the sense of pressure perception;

B) olfaction;

C) gustation;

D) the sense of sound perception.

Pseudomembrane

A) layer of material or substance covering an inner surface;

B) false membrane, consisting of a layer of exudate on the surface of the skin or a mucous membrane;

C) slimy substance coating the inner surface of hollow organs of the body;

D) thin flexible skin-like tissue.

Autism

A) chromosomal disorder;

B) malnutrition;

C) psychiatric disorder;

D) suicidal behaviour.

Polyposis

A) resembling a polyp;

B) surgical removal of a growth;

C) hernia of the stomach;

D) condition in which numerous polyps form in an organ.

Carcinoma

A) solid tumours derived from epithelial tissue;

B) benign tumours of the internal organs;

C) cancer derived from supportive and connective tissue;

D) malignant tumour of the liver.

Measles

A) highly contagious viral infection producing characteristic rash;

B) viral infection attacking mainly the upper respiratory tract;

C) highly contagious infection caused by bacterium Bordetella pertussis;

D) severe infection of epiglottis.

Mycetogenic

A) caused by viruses;

B) caused by protozoa;

C) caused by bacteria;

D) caused by fungi.

 

Mastopathy

A) pain in the breast;

B) surgical reconstruction of the breasts;

C) surgical removal of a breast;

D) any disease of the breasts.

Colostrum

A) fluid surrounding fetus in the uterus;

B) fluid flowing from the nipple before breast milk is produced;

C) fluid cell-free portion of blood;

D) bodily fluids.

Laliophobia

A) morbid fear of singing;

B) morbid fear of speech;

C) morbid fear of studying;

D) morbid fear of spiders.

Full-term infant

A) an infant born after a 37-week gestation;

B) an infant born after a 42-week gestation;

C) an infant born before a 37-week gestation;

D) an infant born before a 32-week gestation.

Tocology

A) field of medicine dealing with women’s health;

B) field of medicine dealing with childbirth;

C) field of medicine dealing with tissue structure;

D) field of medicine dealing with the process of aging.

Lactation

A) secreting sweat;

B) secreting wastes;

C) secreting milk;

D) secreting urine.

Eardrum

A) one of the three tiny bones (ossicles);

B) a tympanic membrane;

C) the Eustachian tube;

D) the external part of the ear.

Subcutaneous

A) under the skin;

B) under the liver;

C) inflammation of the skin;

D) ossification of the dermis.

Autoimmune reaction

A) a diverse condition in which the immune system doesn’t function adequately;

B) a condition in which the immune system malfunctions, misinterprets the body tissues as foreign, and attacks them;

C) reaction to the treatment by administration of the patient’s own blood;

D) vaccine prepared from the patient’s own tissue or secretion.

Mental retardation

A) average intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy;

B) perfect intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy;

C) subaverage intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy;

D) good intellectual ability present from birth or early infancy.

Down syndrome

A) cardiovascular disorder;

B) immune disorder;

C) nutritional disorder;

D) chromosomal disorder.

Wilm’s tumour

A) cancer of the retina;

B) childhood cancer grown in parts of the nervous system;

C) cancer of the kidneys;

D) common cancerous tumour of the liver.

Panatrophy

A) atrophy of the optic nerve;

B) atrophy of some muscles;

C) general atrophy of the body;

D) atrophy of the brain.

Mumps

A) contagious viral infection causing painful enlargement of the salivary glands;

B) viral infection of the upper and lower airways;

C) infection of the lymph nodes at the back of the throat;

D) bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract.

Protozoa

A) multicelled, plant-like organisms;

B) one-celled organisms like bacteria;

C) single celled organisms getling nutrients from their environment;

D) organisms that need to be inside other living organisms to survire, grow, and reproduce.

Bottle-fed infant

A) an infant given breast milk;

B) an infant given solid food;

C) an infant given vitamin supplement;

D) an infant given milk formula.

Premature infant

A) an infant having spent 37 weeks in the uterus;

B) an infant hving spent 42 weeks in the uterus;

C) an infant having spent 35 weeks in the uterus;

D) an infant having spent 45 weeks in the uterus.

Sitotherapy

A) therapeutic use of food and diet;

B) therapeutic use of drugs;

C) therapeutic use of antibiotics;

D) therapeutic use of vitamins.

Neonatologist

A) a specilist in the care of newborns;

B) a specilist in the care of elderly people;

C) a specilist in the care of sportsmen;

D) a specilist in the care of patients with cancer.




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