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VI. Find additional information about the system of adoption in Ukraine



VII. Compare the system of adoption/ foster care in Ukraine and USA (composition, 10-15 sent)

VIII. Summarize the text, using phrases and word combinations from Ex IV and sentences from Ex V.

 

 

Unit 7. Healthy way of life

I. Read the text attentively.

II. Define the words:variety, nutrition, to emphasize, capacity, infirmity, to refuel, replenish, to intake, to jog, fiber, agility, endurance, flexibility, strength

III. Find additional information about: World Health Organization, World Health Assembly, Health Promotion; Food Guide Pyramid.

IV. Copy out the words for:

o activities;

o food;

o activities;

o liquids;

o breads.

Your Health

In 1948, the World Health Assembly defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” This definition is still widely referenced, but is often supplemented by other World Health Organization (WHO) reports such as the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion which in 1986 stated that health is “a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.”

Your health is very important to you. In order to stay healthy and strong you must eat the right amount of vitamins, minerals, etc. But in addition to good nutrition, it is also very important to exercise. So how much of each vitamin do you have to intake and how much exercise do you need each day? Why is it important? Keeping your body healthy is a big job and to do so, you have to give your body enough vitamins, nutrients, and energy, to protect itself and support you.

Tip #1. Eat a Nutritious Breakfast
After a long nights sleep it is important to refuel. It will help you do better in school. Some ideas for quick, healthy breakfast: Peanut butter on toasted whole-grain bread, Yogurt with fruit, Cheese slices on toast, and Fruit on cereals.

Breakfast has been found to be the most important meal of the day. You can look at is as being the foundation of healthy eating habits. Eating breakfast is associated with improved strength and endurance in the late morning along with better attitude toward school. Breakfast helps replenish blood glucose levels. This is important because the brain doesn't have any reserves of glucose, and this is the brains main energy source.

Refuelling after a long nights sleep will make you feel and do better during the day. Children who skip breakfast may have trouble concentrating at school and may have trouble paying attention as the morning goes by.

If you don't feel you have time to eat, then pick something that is ready to eat like fruits, milk, yogurt, cheese or cold cereals. If you aren't hungry yet, drink some juice. Something is better than nothing. Remember a balanced breakfast can help provide what you need for your best performance.

Tip #2. Eat a variety of foods.
Your body needs nutrients and many different vitamins and minerals from a variety of foods. Balancing food choices from the Food Guide Pyramid and checking nutrition labels will help you to get the nutrients you need.

Tip #3. Get moving....don’t be a couch potato
Walk, bike or jog when going somewhere. Climb stairs instead of taking an escalator. Try to do something active for a total of 30 minutes every day.

Exercise is something that is very important to your health. It shapes your body and burns down calories. There are many reasons of why you should exercise. One of our pages, tells the top ten reasons why you should be physically fit. Many things are effected when you exercise.

Agility
Agility is speed and is one thing the is improved when you exercise.

Endurance
Endurance is how long you can last while doing an activity.

Fitness
Flexibility
Flexibility is how stretchy you are. This means to be able to bend and move in different ways.

Strength
Strength is how strong your muscles are.

Tip #4. Participate in activities you enjoy.
Always start with warm-ups to get the muscles going. Do 20 minutes of an aerobic activity followed by activities that will make you stronger like push-ups or sit-ups.

Tip #5. Choose healthy snacks.
It is wise to choose snacks from different food groups. Some choices would be: graham crackers, an apple or celery sticks with peanut butter and raisins.

Tip #6. Include whole grains and fiber in your diet.
Try breads such as whole-wheat, bagels and pita. Spaghetti and oatmeal are also good choices.

Tip #7. Participate in physical activities at school.
This would include physical education and sports. It will make you feel good about yourself.

Tip #8. Drink plenty of water.
The human body is made up of approximately 65% water. It is very important to get enough fluids. If you don't get enough fluids or if you lose too much fluid through sweating, your athletic performance can suffer. In bad cases medical problems can occur.

Water is more quickly absorbed and is always a good choice, especially after shorter workouts. People who are not active require about eight glasses (64 ounces) of water each day, and people who are active in sports require even more.

Tip #9. Include others in your activities.
Take a dog for a walk. Walk or workout with a friend.

Tip #10. Having FUN is important.
Try new things, this can be in activities or food. Never be afraid to try....who knows you might just like it. And your body will thank you in the end.




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