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Write an essay (10-15 sent)



VII. Read the following proverbs, quotes and sayings. Translate them into Ukrainian. Try to find Russian/Ukrainian equivalent to each of them:

ü A happy family is but an earlier heaven. (John Bowring)

ü Public before private and country before family (Chineese proverb)

ü The family is the nucleus of civilization. (William J. Durant)

ü Children in a family are like flowers in a bouquet: there's always one determined to face in an opposite direction from the way the arranger desires. (Marcelene Cox)

ü Where can a person be better than in the bosom of their family. (Douglas Noel Adams)

ü Home is the wallpaper above the bed, the family dinner table, the church bells in the morning, the bruised shins of the playground, the small fears that come with dusk, the streets and squares and monuments and shops that constitute one's first universe. (Henry Anatole Grunwald)

ü A small family is soon provided for. (English proverb)

ü To put the world in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, we must put the family in order; to put the family in order, we must cultivate our personal life; and to cultivate our personal life, we must first set our hearts right. (Confucius)

ü He that raises a large family does, indeed, while he lives to observe them, stand a broader mark for sorrow; but then he stands a broader mark for pleasure too. (Benjamin Franklin)

üAll happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. (Leo Tolstoy)

ü Every family has a skeleton in the cupboard.

ü In time of test, family is best. (Burmese Proverb)

ü Treat your family like friends and your friends like family.

üA son is a son till he takes him a wife, a daughter is a daughter all of her life. (Irish Saying)

ü The house does not rest upon the ground, but upon a woman. (Mexican Proverb)

üGovern a family as you would cook a small fish - very gently. (Chinese Proverb)

ü There’s a black sheep in every flock.

Unit 6. Foster care and adoption

I. Read the text attentively. Translate it into Ukrainian. Copy out new words

II. Find answers for the following questions:

1) Is there any difference between adoption and foster care?

2) Can children be placed in the care of their relatives?

3) Who and why removes children from their biological parents?

4) Who can become a foster parent?

5) What is “custodial care”?

6) Can a court order a child into foster care without the parents' or guardians' consent?

7) Do children receive any kind of treatment, when removed from their biological parents?

8) Comment on the following : “The child temporarily becomes a part of another family”

9) Do foster parents need a license?

10) What are foster parents responsible for? Do they get paid for foster care?

11) Can foster parents become the guardians of foster children? Why?

12) What is “foster placement”?

13) Why is foster parenting called to be an in-between stage?

14) Can biological parent legally take his child back any time?

 

Foster care

Foster care is full-time substitute care of children outside their own home by people other than their biological or adoptive parents or legal guardians.

Children who are removed from their biological or adoptive parents, or other legal guardians, are placed in foster care in a variety of settings. They may be placed in the care of relatives other than the family members involved in the neglect or abuse (kin placement), non-relatives, therapeutic or treatment foster care, or in an institution or group home.

Children come to foster care for a number of reasons. In many cases, they have suffered physical or sexual abuse, or neglect at home, and are placed in a safe environment. A small percentage of children are in foster care because their parents feel unable to control them, and their behaviour may have led to delinquency or fear of harm to others. Some children have been neglected by their parents or legal guardians, or have parents or legal guardians who are unable to take care of them because of substance abuse, incarceration, or mental health problems. These children are placed into custodial care while the parents or guardians receive treatment or counselling, or fulfil their sentences.

In all foster care cases, the child's biological or adoptive parents, or other legal guardians, temporarily give up legal custody of the child. (The guardian gives up custody, but not necessarily legal guardianship.) A child may be placed in foster care with the parents' consent. In a clear case of abuse or neglect, a court can order a child into foster care without the parents' or guardians' consent. Foster care does not necessarily mean care by strangers. If a government agency decides a child must be removed from the home, the child may be placed with relatives or with a family friend. Children may also be placed in a group home, where several foster children live together with a staff of caregivers. Therapeutic or treatment foster care can be in a group home or foster home with a specific structure and treatment focus. Foster homes are the most well-known option. The child temporarily becomes a part of another family, either with other foster children, the family's biological or adoptive children, or alone. State or county social service agencies oversee foster care decisions, although they may also work with private foundations.

Foster parents must be licensed by the agency that handles a specific region's foster care. The foster home must pass an inspection for health and safetyand, in most states, the parents must attend training sessions covering issues of how to deal with problems. When a child is placed, the foster family takes responsibility for feeding and clothing the child, getting the child to school and to appointments, and doing any of the usual things a child's parents or legal guardians might be called to do. The foster parents might also need to meet with the foster child's therapist and will meet regularly with the child's caseworker as well. The foster parent aims to help the foster child develop normally in a safe, family environment.

Foster parents usually receive money for taking in foster children. They are expected to use the money to buy the child's food, clothing, school supplies, and other incidentals. Most of the foster parent's responsibilities toward the foster child are clearly defined in a legal contract. Foster parents do not become the guardians of foster children; legal guardianship remains with the state agency.

Foster placements may last for a single day or several weeks; some continue for years. If the parents give up their rights permanently, or their rights to their child are severed by the court, the foster family may adopt the foster child or the child may be placed for adoptionby strangers. Foster parenting is meant to be an in-between stage, while a permanent placement for the child is settled. As such, it is stressful and uncertain, but for many families very necessary.

III. Define the words:substitute, guardian, to suffer, custodial, treatment, therapeutic, to oversee, option, temporarily, foundation, to handle, appointment, to remain, permanent.

 

IV. Translate into Ukrainian:

ü full-time substitute care;

ü to be placed in foster care;

ü to be neglected by;

ü to be placed in a safe environment;

ü to feel unable to control smb;

ü to oversee foster care decisions;

ü to give up custody;

ü to be placed into custodial care;

ü to be licensed by;

ü to pass an inspection for health and safety;

ü to be clearly defined in a legal contract;

ü to give up one’s rights permanently;

ü to be severed by the court;

ü to be an in-between stage;

 

V. Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian:

1)Children who are removed from their biological or adoptive parents, or other legal guardians, are placed in foster care in a variety of settings.

2)A small percentage of children are in foster care because their parents feel unable to control them, and their behaviour may have led to delinquency or fear of harm to others.

3)These children are placed into custodial care while the parents or guardians receive treatment or counselling, or fulfil their sentences.

4)In all foster care cases, the child's biological or adoptive parents, or other legal guardians, temporarily give up legal custody of the child.

5)A child may be placed in foster care with the parents' consent.

6)Children may also be placed in a group home, where several foster children live together with a staff of caregivers.

7)Foster parents must be licensed by the agency that handles a specific region's foster care.

8)The foster parent aims to help the foster child develop normally in a safe, family environment.

9)Foster parenting is meant to be an in-between stage, while a permanent placement for the child is settled.

10)The foster parents might also need to meet with the foster child's therapist and will meet regularly with the child's caseworker as well

 




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