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CAREERS IN TOURISM
Like most service industries, tourism is labour-intensive. It employs a high proportion of people in comparison to the number that it serves. The range of jobs is also very wide, from unskilled, like a dishwasher in a restaurant, to semi-skilled, like a waiter or a chambermaid, to skilled, like a travel agent or a tour operator. In addition, tourism generates many jobs that are not usually considered to be within the industry itself – jobs in construction, manufacturing, and merchandising.
A majority of jobs in tourism have one common feature: contact with the public, including both the positive and negative aspects of dealing with ordinary people. Anyone who has chosen a career in tourism should enjoy working with people and be tolerant.
In many jobs language skill is necessary or desirable. People who hold jobs of this kind include travel agency employees, ticket and reservations agents, airline flights personnel, front-desk personnel in hotels, tour guides, waiters, and barmen and so on. The tourist industry differs from many others as it employs more women than any kind of business. Many successful travel agents are women who have established independent enterprises after gaining experience elsewhere in the industry.
The travel agents must deal with the public and with people who work for the other components in the industry. One of the most important aspects of the job is keeping informed of the highly complex pricing policies of airlines and the resort hotels. The agent must also keep up with other developments in the industry – new resorts, changing travel regulations, new services.
The sightseeing guidesmust be familiar with the points of interest that he is showing to the visitors. He usually gives a prepared talk that describes the points of interest, but he must also be prepared to answer a lot of questions. And he has to deal with any problems that occur during the tour or excursion, such as bad weather, sudden illness, an accident. A sightseeing guide needs two qualities above all – an outgoing personality and language skill.
Front-desk employees are hotel personnel who work at the registration, information and cashier’s desk.
Free-lancersare people who work for themselves. Many free-lance writers specialize in the travel field.
Social Directoris a person at a resort hotel or on a cruise ship who is in charge of the activities to amuse and entertain the customers.
Tourism is an industry that is still growing rapidly. It provides people with variety of occupations that require different kinds of skills. No matter what aspect of the industry one may work in, the final result of the effort should be a satisfied customer who remembers his trip and his holiday with pleasure.
TRENDS IN TOURISM
Rural tourism is one of new trends in modern tourist industry. There is no single definition of rural tourism, but it is generally agreed that the term implies
· activities that take place in the countryside as opposed to in cities, or in other urbanized spaces such as coastal or island holiday resorts;
· tourism on a small scale;
· employment and income for local people, but without becoming the dominant economic activity in an area;
· the recovery of local traditions, arts and crafts, architectural, and farming practices;
· services and activities that are based principally on local products and resources;
· the sustainable use of natural resources such as forests, rivers, or landscape.
Accommodation is one of the most visible features of rural tourism. However, it needs to be small-scale, rural hotels usually have fewer than twenty rooms. Other rural accommodation includes self-catering apartments and houses, bed and breakfasts, and campsites.
An important function of all rural tourism is the recovery of all aspects of an area’s local culture. This can be crafts such as pottery, weaving, or carving, or local architectural styles, food, or drink. Traditions, dress, and festivities are also recovered in this way.
Increasingly, visitors to rural areas want to get as close as possible to the lifestyle and customs of the local people. One way that they can do this is to work with them. This can mean helping farmers around the farm, or helping local builders reconstruct walls or pathways. In some places it is possible to live in the house of a local person as if you were a member of their family.
There are dangers in rural tourism. If it becomes popular, too many people may go to a particular place and so damage the natural or cultural resources. In this respect it is important to educate visitors so that they are sensitive to both the physical and cultural environments of area they are visiting.
TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN ANY CERTAIN COUNTRY
Tourism in Mexico
Mexico is the seventh most popular tourist destination. Tourism in Mexico is growing very quickly; it is the second after the oil industry. The government and business recognize the importance of tourism for the country. State and business organizations develop a modern tourist infrastructure, improve tourist facilities and services. Mexico offers beach holidays, cultural and exotic tours.
The north of the country is associated with cowboy films, great mountains, deserts, canyons, plains, and giant cacti. In the south you can find green tropical plains and spectacular rainforests on the Atlantic coast. Picturesque coastal sites and beach resorts, such as Acapulco, Merida, Veracruz, La Paz, Cancun are favorite tourist destinations.
There is something very special about the Mayan culture and the beauty of their great stone cities and pyramids in the jungle. We know that they had a very good knowledge of astronomy. They observed and predicted the phases of the moon and solar and lunar eclipses. Today there still remains the mystery of their sudden decline and disappearance before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.
Mexican food is hot and spicy. Don’t miss the chance to try Tex-mex! It’s delicious. It’s a good idea to buy souvenirs in the markets. They sell a lot of Indian arts and crafts, so ceramics and rugs are nice gifts for your friends and family.
Well, Mexico is a wonderful place to relax and find out more about the world and people.